Metrology

Metrology

Metrology is the science of measurements, methods and means to ensure their unity and ways to achieve the required accuracy.

Ensuring the uniformity of measurements is an activity aimed at achieving and maintaining the uniformity of measurements in accordance with the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus on ensuring the uniformity of measurements.

System for ensuring the uniformity of measurements of the Republic of Belarus is a set of activities including public regulation and administration, state metrological surveillance and metrological control, which are performed by the state authorities, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and other physical persons in order to ensure the uniformity of measurements.

The main purpose of ensuring the uniformity of measurements in the Republic of Belarus is to protect the rights and legal interests of both citizens and the State from the effect due to inaccurate and incorrectly performed measurements.

Works on ensuring the uniformity of measurements in the Republic of Belarus are carried out on the basis of the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On ensuring the uniformity of measurements” of 5 September 1995 No 3848-XІІ (as amended and supplemented), Resolutions of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus and Resolutions of the Gosstandart.

The fundamental technical normative legal acts of the Republic of Belarus in the field of ensuring the uniformity of measurements specify the basic rules for the establishment and maintenance of the System for ensuring the uniformity of measurements of the Republic of Belarus, the procedure for testing, metrological certification, verification and calibration of measuring instruments.

In order to ensure the uniformity of measurements the state metrological service has been established in the Republic of Belarus, which is led by the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus.

The state metrological service consists of the Belarusian State Institute of Metrology, as the National Metrological Institute, and 15 regional centers for standardization, metrology and certification.

The Concept of development of the state metrological service of the Republic of Belarus until 2020 was approved by the Resolution of the Gosstandart of 27 December 2016 No 93.

State measurement standards form the technical basis of the System for ensuring the uniformity of measurements of the Republic of Belarus.

The standards are developed within the framework of the State scientific and technical program “Standards and scientific instruments”.

Metrological control is carried out in legal metrology and it is one of the main tasks of the state metrological service.

Metrological control includes:


State registers


National information fund in the field of ensuring the uniformity of measurements